Monday, June 29, 2020

Captain Shannons Character The Question of the Dehumanizing Effects of War - Literature Essay Samples

Arguably, The First Casualty by Ben Elton presents the character of Captain Shannon as depraved and dehumanised by the effects of WW1, but perhaps the savage nature of war simply brought out a barbarous side to him that had always been there. The novel is based on the proverb ‘the first casualty of war is truth’, and this is depicted through society’s perception of Shannon as a stereotypical brave and selfless soldier, when the truth is that he often behaves in a callous and ruthless manner towards those he encounters, demonstrating that the true nature of war was not always obvious to those who were not in the midst of it. Arguably, one of the key purposes of Shannon’s character is to portray how the war could imbrute a man, as well as to juxtapose the sentimentality of the other renowned soldier in the text, Abercrombie, as the two men respond completely differently when faced with the hostility of war. Contextually, soldiers had many different ways that they would cope with the emotional trauma they faced, often turning to alcohol, humour, or in Shannon’s case, an extremely narcissistic amd carpe diem attitude. This could interestingly be perceived as his own vile nature coming out of its shell, or the harrowing effects of the war that have warped his mind, opening up the debate of whether his dehumanisation is utterly involuntary, or whether the war has given him an excuse to show his true colours without much repercussion. As Elton initially introduces Shannon, it is apparent that he has a strong disregard for others and a lack of empathy, dehumanising those around him and enjoying his own brutal sarcasm and cocky attitude. He straight away takes pride in the fact that he designed his own rubber bullet to harm, but not seriously injure Kingsley to get him out of prison, and shows no remorse in the fact that he â€Å"tested it on stray dogs†, figures who are innocent, just like the men he fights alongside in the trenches, portraying how he is utterly desensitised to death as an effect of living on the front line. Furthermore, he seems amused as he describes how Kingsley â€Å"went down like a sack of coal† after he shot him, showing an eerie confidence in himself and is indifferent to the effect that his actions had on Kingsley physically harming him, as well as telling his family that he is dead, throwing away his chance of imminent reconciliation with them. Shannon begins to provoke Kin gsley further, perhaps without even realising he’s doing it, saying how his son, George, won’t mind believing his father is dead, telling him â€Å"he’d have felt quite the odd one out with you above ground.† Contextually, this may have been true as an estimated 37 million people died during WW1, both in combat, disease, and bombing of civilian areas, and so a majority of children will have grown up without fathers, and so we Shannon can’t really be condemned for his honesty, even if it is brutally to the point. The shame of a father like George’s being known as both alive and a conscientious objector during this period would often have resulted in being socially shunned, and sometimes physically and verbally assaulted for being associated with a ‘traitorous’ CO. However, he does demonstrate inexcusable cruelty towards Kingsley when he states â€Å"quite frankly, you make my skin crawl. Agnes Beaumont could’ve done so much better, and perhaps she will†, a very apathetic quip to assert dominance over Kingsley and to make him feel inferior, giving Shannon himself a boost to his ego. However, he is simply reflecting similar sentiments every other character in the novel so far, and so may just be a byproduct of the jingoistic society of the time, partially excusing his hatred towards Kingsley as a conscientious objector as he has come to expect to be treated in such a derogatory manner and is therefore unsurprised. Interestingly, Elton comments that â€Å"benea th that smooth exterior, Kingsley sensed the soul of a violent man†, and as a perceptive man and an ex-detective, we can trust Kingsley’s innate perception and sense of the destruction that is to follow. Shannon’s conceited manner increases at their visit to Folkestone pier as he speaks disparagingly of the older men performing there for not openly contributing to the war effort and for not being on the front line instead of him. He suggests that their lives have far less value than his own, asking rhetorically â€Å"it doesn’t take a lot of youth and vigour to stroll ten yards then get shot to bits by the Boche, does it?†, demonstrating his selfish and egotistical manner. Although, perhaps he is so forward with this statement out of fear of returning to the front line, willing to volunteer anyone at all to take his place if he could get away with it. Arguably, this does not excuse his horrible treatment of anyone he encounters, claiming â€Å"I’d kill him for a thruppence’, devaluing the man’s life and exposing Shannon’s violent nature, and suggesting he enjoys such sadistic acts. These are likely to be effects that the war has had o n his character, bringing out the worst in him, but surely these sentiments must’ve been present to begin with and then amplified by his experiences at war? Else we could expect all soldiers to be similarly as devoid of sentimentality as he is, which we can clearly see through Abercrombie’s character that this is not the case. Interestingly, Elton provides an explanation to why Shannon behaves so egocentrically, stating that â€Å"the sun will not shine for long. I am bound soon to die.† This arguably justifies his carpe diem attitude as he wants to make the most of the limited time he has left, disregarding the emotions of those who are not on the battlefield as he feels they already have the privilege of not constantly fearing for their lives or watching their friends be â€Å"shot to bits†. His tone appears confident as though he does not fear death, he simply wishes to focus on nobody’s satisfaction but his own for the remainder of his life. Th is statement evokes a little sympathy from the reader as he is so resigned to his fate and he has nothing else to live for other than himself, but even most other soldiers in a similar position would have a little more regard for the feelings of those around them and more of a conscience. Elton also describes how Shannon â€Å"pushed his way through the afternoon strollers without apology† further exemplifying his ruthlessly robotised character, a lasting effect that the war has had on his mental state, warping his perception of what is socially acceptable and what is not. The fact that â€Å"Shannon turned many female heads† by â€Å"looking splendid in his uniform† exemplifies how society would often judge soldiers on their smart exterior, assuming the typicality of soldiers being fearless, courageous, and strong. Arguably, Shannon is all three of these things, but what society did not always expect was the chance of a soldier like him also being narcissistic, lecherous, and a rapist. This portrays how Shannon uses his uniform as a mask for the reality of his awful persona and how he takes advantage of his privileged position as an officer, continuing the theme of truth versus deception throughout the novel. Shannon shows a grossly lascivious side to his character as he refers to young women as â€Å"little teases† and comments on how they â€Å"know the score†, suggesting he views them as purely sexual objects there to satisfy his lustful needs and to visually please soldiers such as himself. He even mentions his own â₠¬Å"credo† being â€Å"any drink. Any meal. Any girl. Any time.† The fact that â€Å"any girl† is only third on his list implies how he perceives women to be of lesser importance than material goods, and suggests that he feels they at his disposal at â€Å"any time† he wishes. This quote demonstrates his fearlessness and how lucky he feels to be alive after all he’s faced at war, and so he takes advantage of the time he has left, even though he is undoubtedly a lecherous character, perhaps enhanced by his experiences at war. Even Kingsley, arguably a very moral individual, cannot fault his logic, admitting that â€Å"it does make a lot of sense†. However, saying â€Å"any† girl shows his misogynistic views how he does not value each woman individually and simply wants to use them for their bodies, clearly exemplified when he leads on Violet, pretending to be a perfect gentlemen and taking her on a date before violently assaulting her. Elton’s description of Shannon at this point is ominous and uncomfortable â€Å"his easy smile had become a cross between a leer and a snarl. He was on the hunt.† This animalistic language portrays him as predatory and extremely unnerving, a clear example of the lengths he will go to to achieve what he wants. Perhaps this desensitisation is useful whilst at war as he is able to kill the opposition without guilt or resentment, but when he is outside of a war setting, this behaviour becomes extremely unsettling and completely socially unacceptable , showing how the war has moulded him to become a vicious character that he struggles to break away from, portraying how the war has dehumanised and demoralised him. Overall, Elton portrays Shannon’s lack of humanity and compassion, perhaps partially due to the war, but the extremity of his savage manner must have roots residing in who he is as a person, with the war contribution to his horrid manner by bringing out the worst in him, or perhaps giving him the excuse to show the worst in himself.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Benefits of Closing Sentence

The Benefits of Closing Sentence A Startling Fact about Closing Sentence Uncovered When ending an official letter, it's important to convey the correct amount of respect to the individual receiving the letter. Don't forget, you're hoping the individual who receives your letter doesn't have any memory of your closing in the slightest. In order to earn a great impression, your letter should be flawlessly constructed. Thus, your cover letter has to be a bit of writing that describes your achievements and the way you will assist the company succeed. You also have to understand how to compose a persuasive essay, namely how to organize components of the persuasive essay in the manner in which that will get the job done best. You file a claim in the subject of the essay, and it's your job as an author to supply hard evidence in support of your point within the body of your essay. You may want to amplify the principal point of an essay or set it in a different perspective for setti ng a bigger context. Ending an essay with similar scenario might help to show your point and make a better understanding. Closing Sentence Help! The conclusion is the conclusion of the paragraph. It is crucial to commence a case with a strong closing argument as a way to communicate your case and make certain that the jury understands your perspective. A concluding sentence may be used to provide a summary of the principal points of the paragraph. A concluding sentence ought to be an overview of the former discussion, not incorporate any new info. In the event the writer has not had a chance to interject an opinion about the subject, the last thought is the previous opportunity to achieve that. Writer's block is a lot of bullshit. Failing to realize it is utilized to close the last thoughts on a subject is a typical mistake many writers make. If your primary aim is to keep the relationship for the future, then you are able to end by saying that you want to continue the same type of relationship later on. Try to remember, you would like to ensure it is clear in your cover letter the way the employer will profit from your experience and qualifications. Simply take a look at a number of the very best business letter closings you will encounter. If you're not certain, reserve casual closings for friends and loved ones. There are specific closings that you wish to avoid in any business letter. Closing Sentence - the Story There are chances the majority of the time that you prepare an outstanding opening so you're suggested to use a number of the fantastic words from your opening as people will have the ability to recall your speech properly. Every area of the cover letter plays an essential role in assisting you to shine a positive light on your candidacy, and that has the closing. A valid rule is one which you would consistently wish that everybody would follow, and an invalid rule is one which you wouldn't consistently want to see universalized. If you obscure the facts, you're defeating the objective. True, it is a small bit about summary, but nevertheless, it should take your essay one step further. Lots of people write the previous sentence of the letter in such a manner they can cover all the essential points of the communication. If you have questions regarding my candidacy, please don't hesitate to get in touch with me. Repeating your key message at the conclusion of the letter can help to guarantee that the reader doesn't miss it. Facts, Fiction and Closing Sentence Lots of individuals are always discussing the need to be saved. On the flip side, some folks use the previous sentence in such a manner it can supply them a chance to provide some instructions. Well, as it happens, it is a small bit more complicated than that. The word doesn't indicate the exact same issue to everyone. Where to Find Closing Sentence There are a number of ways to close a letter. A complimentary close, also called a complimentary closing, is the expression inserted ahead of your signature in an email message or an official letter. It's also important to include your contact info in your letter. The closing of your company email is similar to the closing of a company letter. Closing a business letter utilizing good e xpert etiquette produces a huge effect on the recipient. When you compose a closing statement for a company, you want to keep in mind the most important objective of the company. Even should a company is closing, or the employee is making some new moves in the industry sector, it's important to be professional. After a note of thanks for the terrific services, the reason behind closing down the company is informed together with the date for the exact same. The Pain of Closing Sentence After you have carefully crafted your closing sentences there are many ways to end a letter with a suitable closing or sign off. Once you are finished with closing your letter, then don't neglect to re-read it to be able to find out mistakes, if any. So it's important to highlight the essential ones on the closing statement. If so, then you may mention in the closing of a letter which you would earn a call on a subsequent date. Unsurprisingly, the reply to the survey question was extremely in triguing. Thus, the themes are somewhat more widespread, depending upon the conditions of the crime. Semi-formal closings can do the job for colleagues you recognize well or peers. Many factors demonstrate that.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

A Strategy For Modeling Salton Sea Basin Future Climate...

Results: A Strategy For Modeling Salton Sea Basin Future Climate Scenarios Based On Relationships Between Evapotranspiration And Precipitation A comparison of the averaged weather station datasets versus the historic individual weather station datasets was made for both precipitation and Eto. The averaged monthly dataset preserved seasonality for both precipitation and Eto as illustrated in the figures. Notably, for the months of February, March, and April, the average monthly precipitation volume was lower than the actual weather station historic data. This occurred for two reasons: 1) the disparity in the number of observations between the two weather station datasets and the average resulting in the largest number of observations†¦show more content†¦The results of the two test statistics differed at times, i.e., listing two different curves as providing the â€Å"best† fit. In the fore-mentioned situation, a final decision pertaining to the â€Å"best† fit was made based on a visual assessment of the figures. Precipitation Events and Eto Levels The importance of using monthly data instead of annual data for the Salton Sea Basin. Further, the two models: (1) (Logit Y1,†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.12) Month = Constant + X1 Prcp, and (2) (Logit Y1,†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.12) Month = Constant + X1 Eto, established that some months were significantly different than others concerning the amounts of precipitation and Eto, respectively. The relationships between the duration of precipitation events (‘CatEvent’) on the volume of precipitation (‘PrcpAmt’ and ‘CatVol’), and also on Eto volumes. A plot of the precipitation and Eto observations, percentage or percentage of observations of a given magnitude, respectively, by month was also made. The negative relationship between precipitation and Eto was tested statistically using two multinomial logistic regression models and one binomial logistic regression model, respectively: (3) (Logit Y0,...4) PrcpAmt = Constant + X1 Eto, (4) (Logit Y0,†¦.5) CatEvent = Constant + X1 Eto, and (5) (Logit Y0,1) RainEvent = Constant + X1 Eto. The

Friday, May 15, 2020

Boko Haram Political System Essay - 1964 Words

Boko Haram has been terrorizing Nigeria and surrounding countries for years, with noticeable increases in power over the last five years. Best estimates indicate that the Boko Haram insurgency rose to power in the 2000s with the goal of promoting strict adherence to Islamic Shari’a Law throughout Nigeria (Bussey, Chasse, Martin, 2016). The group found footing quickly; frustrations with the faulty political system and lack of economic and social development in northern Nigeria allowed the group to recruit large numbers of members and gain momentum. In 2009, the groups leader, Muhammed Yusuf was murdered. This, coupled with increasing economic and social tensions across Nigeria caused the group to become increasingly aggressive. The group executed a prison break of over 700 prisoners in 2010 and performed the well-known kidnapping of over 200 school girls in 2014. This kidnapping truly brought global attention to the acts of terror the group was committing for the first time (On ouha, 2012). United State’s Citizens became increasingly involved, leading to the spread of the â€Å"Bring Back our Girls† movement. As United States interest in Boko Haram increased, the hostility of the group increased. In 2014, according to the Global Terrorism Index, deaths attributed to Boko Haram rose by 314%, attributing to the groups ranking as the most dangerous terrorist group in the world (Institute for Economics and Peace, 2015). After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the United States has been aShow MoreRelatedBoko Haram : A Islamic Organization1445 Words   |  6 Pages Boko Haram is a militant Islamic group based in northeastern Nigeria, but is also active in northern Cameroon, Chad, and Niger (â€Å"Boko Haram Fast Facts† 1). Their main purpose as an organization is to institute Sharia, which is known as Islamic law (â€Å"Boko Haram Fast Facts† 1). In the local Hausa dialect, one of the largest ethnic groups spoken in West Africa, Boko Haram means â€Å"Western education is forbidden† (â€Å"Boko Haram Fast Facts† 1). The group is also referred to as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awatiRead MoreBoko Haram Is The Most Powerful Group1468 Words   |  6 Pagesinto an arrangement of shocking terror unbridled by Boko Haram. Nigeria has always been at the heart of security threatening challenges, but Boko Haram is the most powerful group as of yet. Boko Haram has claimed responsibility for many bombings and other terrorist activities north and central Nigeria, thus placing Nigeria on the verge of dissolution. Till date, terror caused by Boko Hara has resulted in an estimate of about 10,000 deaths. Boko Haram, officially called Jama’tu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’AwatiRead MoreINSECURITY IN NIGERIA1454 Words   |  6 Pages TOPIC: INSECURITY POVERTY AND INSURGENCY IN NIGERIA: THE BOKO HARAM CHALLENGE. 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Origins Boko Haram is the nickname for the group officially known in Arabic as Jama atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda awati Wal-Jihad--the People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet s Teachings and Jihad. Named by the Northern Nigerian Muslims and subsequently picked up by the press, the name Boko Haram translates to Western education is forbidden and is derived from the teachings of Mohammed Yusuf, the group s early leader, whoRead MoreThe Impact of Boko Haram Insurgency on the Political Economy of Northeastern Nigeria1666 Words   |  7 PagesIMPACT OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY ON THE POLITICAL-ECONOMY OF NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA, 2009 TO 2013 Introduction Nigeria is politically divided into six geo-political zones; and is religiously divided between the Christian south and the Muslim north. The northeast geo-political zone belongs to the Muslim north. This economically backward zone comprises of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe states. The zone is home to Boko Haram terrorist group officially called JamÄ ÃŠ »at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-daÊ »waRead MoreThe Threat Of Boko Haram Essay1595 Words   |  7 Pagesstill suffers from ethnical and religious divisions as well as unequal distribution of power and resources among its regions. A high degree of violence and insecurity has shaped Nigeria’s political framework since colonial times. The region is characterized by systematic human under-development and socio-political decay. By draining resources from development, terrorism creates an additional burden on the society and interferes with development opportunities. According to Aghedo Osumah (2012) theRead MoreThe Role Of The Post Colonial State And Its Impact On The Legal Rights Of Nigerian Citizens2269 Words   |  10 Pagesrights violations is the unjust government response to internal security threats from terrorist groups like Boko Haram. The government’s focus on territorial protection as opposed to protecting and aiding the Nigerian people who are experiencing the brutal attacks from Boko Haram has contributed to the deterioration of the human rights situation. For, Nigeria has been at war with Boko Haram for years. Secondly, disagreements among ethnic groups who seek â€Å"power, access to land between nomadic pastoralistsRead MoreExamine the Boko Haram Saga in Nigeria and Provide a Solution to Policy Makers1901 Words   |  8 PagesHARCOURT DEPARTMENT OF RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL STUDIES (GRADUATE STUDIES) EXAMINE THE BOKO HARAM SAGA IN NIGERIA AND PROVIDE A SOLUTION TO POLICY MAKERS. BY NAME: BABALOLA OLUBUKOLA COURSE TITLE: RELIGION AND MODERN CHANGE IN AFRICA COURSE CODE: RCS 502.2 According to the Wikipedia Boko Haram refers to People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophets Teachings and Jihad. Better known by its Hausa name Boko Haram, it is a Salafist jihadist terrorist organization based in the northeast of NigeriaRead MoreThe Current Youth Is The Future1431 Words   |  6 Pagespower and control, and has been since the beginning of history. The way to achieve power is what has been changing. Whoever has the most bombs, nuclear weapons, or who is feared the most has the most control. Terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Boko Haram, and other jihadist groups have developed in order to gain control. Their followers are the youth of these developing countries; the youth that are shaping our world are being taught to exploit gaping security voids, how to use military grade weapons

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Exploring American Culture´s Dark Spot Essay - 582 Words

Exploring American cultures dark spot Educational expectations may create academic dishonesty incentive Jay Z, Jay Gatsby, and Al Capone all reside in the same weak place in the hearts of Americans. These three men represent our nation’s twisted admiration for masterful cheaters. Americans are intrigued by these men, seduced by their risk-taking and their subsequent success and fame. The majority of society is not made up of criminals, gamblers, or drug-dealers. But cheating is prominent on a smaller scale, in more realistic acts. Recently, educational cheating scandals seem to be gripping the nation, or at least the media. One explanation for recently publicized academic dishonesty is that students feel†¦show more content†¦200 educators from 40 schools were involved in a cheating scandal in Atlanta. At one school, educators had weekend pizza parties to correct wrong answers on test documents together. As a result, the schools scores increased 45 percent. We were told to get these scores by any means nec essary. We were told our jobs were on the line, said Sidnye Fells, a fourth grade teacher in Atlanta to ABC news. In 2004, educators encouraged 500 high school students in Alabama to drop out before the test to increase the school’s score. Some public school activists attribute teachers’ cheating scandals to the high expectations of standardized tests. Across the country, educators and parents have participated in protests against heavy reliance on standardized test scores in deciding a teacher or school’s success. Standardized tests provide administrators and state government with an objective evaluation of students’ knowledge. Ohio will implement the new teacher evaluation system in the 2014-2015 school year. Teacher performance ratings will comprise 50 percent of the evaluation. The remaining 50 percent relies on improvements in student test scores. Teachers will receive one of four possible grades: accomplished, skilled, developing, and ineffective. Each district’s board of education must decide how teacher’s evaluations will be used to determine promotions and terminations. â€Å"Quote from Sycamore Teacher aboutShow MoreRelatedHistorical Places Of Ghost And Dark Tourism1822 Words   |  8 Pagesmeaning of history and culture of historical places. Many cities and towns around the world profit when visitors go to haunted sites where ghosts and supernatural activity have been present. Tourists and tourism companies have different motives for exploring and hosting tours of historical landmarks. Some companies take the economic route and strictly attempt to make capital gain, while other s take the time to thoroughly explain and connect with the tourist about the culture and history of the hauntedRead MoreThe Bears Of British Columbia1497 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Grizzly Bear include a concave snout, extremely long claws, and poor eyesight. Though dark brown is the most commonly viewed fur color, the Grizzly can be any shade from ivory to nearly black. The Kermode Bear, also known as the Ghost Bear or Spirit Bear, is a cultural symbol for the British Columbia Province. This white bear, is actually a black bear that carries a recessive gene. Both of the Kermode Bear s parents must carry the gene for their offspring to have the white fur. At times, the KermodeRead More Achebe’s Inability to Understand Conrad’s Heart of Darkness Essay3028 Words   |  13 Pagesmocked by triumphant bestiality (Achebe 1785). He misreads, and disregards the fact that many other readers see Conrads Africa as a place where the white man brings and meets his own darkness and bestiality. Having no real emotional availability of exploring this continent whatsoever, Conrads European responds to it either by exploiting what he can (as the manager, the Company, and its representatives do), destroying what he cannot (e.g. killing the locals and blowing up hills unnecessarily), or displayingRead MoreColombian Folklore5889 Words   |  24 Pages---- --------------------------------------------- Colombian folklore From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Culture of Colombia | | Art Cinema Cuisine Dance Folklore Literature Music Radio amp; Television Sports Theater | See also:  Colombian mythology Carnaval de BarranquillaMarimonda characters. Colombian  folklore  are beliefs, customs and  cultural traditions  in  Colombia. Contents  Ã‚  [hide]   * 1  Cultural influences * 2  Relevancy * 3  Legendary creatures * 4  ReferencesRead MoreOn James Weldon Johnson’s â€Å"The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man†2065 Words   |  9 Pages(149). She in turn answered in kind, letting the notes and tempo combine with her words in expression of her love returned to him. The relevance of music in Johnson’s novel should not be undercut by the other issues within the confines of his text. Exploring the meaning of this inclusion will be to explore the theme of music itself. It will encompass the examination of the style of music, the generation in which the story takes place along with the issues of race. Johnson’s use of music to develop aRead MoreLiterature And Information Resources For Children And Young People3290 Words   |  14 Pages 2: Fiction Review Babies and toddlers, early childhood (0–6 years) Morris Disappearing Bag - A Christmas Story Wells, R. (1980). Morris s disappearing bag: A Christmas story (3rd ed.). 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I argue that political and systemic issues as well as outside influences leave weaker governed countries more exposed to the risks of transnational organized crime. I will be exploring four different areas related to this topic in order to understand why these countries experience an abundance of transnational crime; how it has become available through globalization, whereby the world has become an increasingly smaller place; factorsRead MoreKhasak14018 Words   |  57 Pagessets the ground for the analysis by exploring the scope of the novel in the comparative study of literature. It also asserts the author’s place in the regional and Indian English canons of literature and establishes his creative genius wit h reference to the work considered. The second chapter, titled The Dark Vault, studies the aspects of psychoanalytic theory which can be used in the analysis of the novel. 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Is Andy Warhol a Genius of Art and Culture - 793 Words

This research paper studies the graft and career of Andy Warhol and presents the question of whether Warhol should be regarded--as a genius of art or a culture thief. Many credit Andy Warhol with revolutionizing and influencing 20th Century art and culture. However, Although Warhol had a successful and rewarding life; His childhood was nothing less than average. His life was a struggle: As young lad he contracted rheumatic fever and as a result he suffered from neurological problems. His was born of Czechoslovakian immigrants who relocated to Pittsburgh before his birth on August 6, 1928. Like many other artists, Warhol before his time, Warhol had an interest in art from a tender age. Warhol’s mother had an enormous influence on his art. She stimulated his artistic nature by encouraging him to paint: She would often buy him candy as a reward for painting. He was orphaned at young age as his father died and he was left in the care of his elder brother while his mother worked. W arhol was known to satirically talk about his young hood. He often expressed how he missed his childhood when his brother would make him a sandwich and Campbell’s soup for lunch. This later became the focus of one of his painting cycles. Warhol talked about how his mother, Julia often took him to free Saturday afternoon art classes at a local museum. Warhol would stay late and wonder the museum observing the displayed paintings. His father set aside the funds for Warhol to go to college and in theShow MoreRelatedChanging Role of the Artist from Different Times1695 Words   |  7 PagesArt is contemporarily defined as the product or process of deliberately arranging symbolic elements in a way that influences and affects the senses, emotions, and/or intellect. It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations, and modes of expression. The renaissance is the rebirth of classicism; classicism comes from the ancient Greece and Rome; they portray art to captivate perfection, harmony and order. Italian High Renaissance artists achieved ideal of harmony and balance comparableRead MoreWarhol And The Pop Art Movement2609 Words   |  11 PagesAndy Warhol being not simply a Pop artist, but an American artist who was known as the master of Pop Art, and about two of Warhol’s most famous paintings; Coca-Cola and Campbell’s Soup Cans. Andy Warhol was an artist and filmmaker, an initiator for the Pop Art movement in the 1960s. Warhol used mass production techniques to elevate art into the supposed unoriginality of the commercial culture of the United States. 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Creating a Business Idea free essay sample

Idea Recently the United States government has released funds for creating small businesses. An opportunity to acquire government funding for a business venture is one to take advantage of and to put dreams into reality. The intent of this paper is to outline the three main forms of business organizations including the tax and legal implications as well as the accounting requirements for each structure. In addition, this paper proposes creating a small business of a women’s only gym while weighing in the advantages and disadvantages of the three types of business organizations which are sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation. To start the process of forming a business there are three main forms of business organizations that a potential small business owner must choose from. Three of the main business organizations used in the market place today includes sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation. Deciding on a business structure appropriate for a new business will have long-term impacts and it is crucial to weigh all the choices. The following must be considered: the desired level of control, tax implications, risk of lawsuits, and the level of personal liability (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). Reviewing available options and selecting an appropriate form of business organization is the first step to creating a successful company. Before determining the preferred type of organization for the women’s gym, here is an outline of the key attributes of each form. A sole proprietorship is a business owned by one person (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). An advantage of sole proprietorship is it is simple to establish and gives the owner control over the business (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This is always a great advantage for someone who wants to open a business because it gives them leeway to run their business however they choose. In addition to advantages, a sole proprietorship does have its disadvantages. A sole proprietor is personally liable for debts of the business (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). In other words, the owner is risking his or her personal assets to liquidation if the business is not successful. A partnership is owned by two or more individuals and has shared control over the business (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This is a great advantage because partners can bring their own unique skills and resources into the business. The partners should formalize their duties and contributions in a written partnership agreement (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This agreement states who does what in the business and also how much money each of the partners put into the new business. It is sometimes common for one partner to put in more money than the other as well. Like a sole proprietorship, all partners are personally liable for debts of the business (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). If the business is not successful then the partners are liable for the money or assets they put into the partnership agreement. A corporation is much different than a sole proprietorship and partnership. A corporation is a business organized as a separate legal entity owned by stockholders (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). An investor in a corporation would receive shares of stock to indicate ownership in the company (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This means that the investors are stockholders in the corporation and own part of the company. An advantage of a corporation business organization is that buying stock is often more attractive than investing in a partnership because shares of stock are easy to sell or easy to transfer ownership (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). Therefore, it is easier for corporations to raise funds and become more successful in the end (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). A corporation has no personal liability but it does have some disadvantages when it comes to taxes and legal implications. It is important for a small business, no matter what the business organization, to communicate with its internal and external users. Creditors, investors, and management need to know what the business owes and owns and looks at the business’ four different financial statements which are the balance sheet, income statement, retained earnings statement, and statement of cash flows. These four financial statements are considered the backbone of financial accounting and show special significance, but ultimately, each has one common goal: to show internal and external users where the money is in the company. No matter what form of business organization the small business is they all need to prepare these four financial statements. The income statement deals with the revenues and expenses a company incurs for a period of time (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This financial statement reports the success or failure of the company’s operating and non-operating activities. The retained earnings statement shows the amounts and causes of changes in retained earnings during the period (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This statement brings together the beginning and ending retained earnings for the period, using information such as net income from the company’s other financial statements. A company’s balance sheet reports assets and claims to assets at a specific point in time (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). In other words, the balance sheet summarizes a company’s assets, liabilities, and stockholder’s equity. These three segments give investors, creditors, and managers an idea as to what the company owns and owes, as well as the amount invested by the shareholders. The balance sheet must, and always, follow the following formula: Assets = Liabilities + Stockholder’s Equity (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). The fourth and final financial statement is the statement of cash flows. This is used to provide financial information about the cash receipts and cash payments of a business for a specific period of time (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). Cash flow is determined by looking at three components by which cash enters and leaves a company through their operating, investing, and financing activities. No matter what type of business organization or how big or small the business is it needs to have all four of these financial statements prepared for investors, creditors, and management. The following consequences associated with each form of business organization are tax and legal implications and accounting implications such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) and the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). These factors need to be greatly considered when deciding which organizational form to choose. If someone chooses sole proprietorship or partnership, they generally receive more favorable tax treatment than a corporation (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). However, repeated again proprietors and partners are personally liable for all debts of the business; corporate stockholders are not (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). It is important and ethical that every business is honest in their financial statements to investors, creditors, and their stakeholders. In 2002 Congress passes the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) to reduce unethical corporate behavior and decrease the likelihood of future corporate scandals (Kimmel, Weygandt, Kieso, 2009). This act prevents businesses from embellishing on what they own or owe on their financial statements and to give investors more confidence in corporate accounting. In 1973, FASB was established to create and improve standards of financial accounting and reporting that foster financial reporting by nongovernmental entities that provides decision-useful information to investors and other users of financial reports (Financial Accounting Standards Board, 2012). To accomplish the mission, the application of comprehensive and independent processes encourages broad participation, objectively deem to all stakeholders’ views, and focus on the oversight by the Financial Accounting Foundation’s Board of Trustees (Financial Accounting Standards Board, 2012). These standards are very important to the efficient functioning of the economy and internationally. Having more and more businesses be international only intensifies the importance of SOX and FASB to have international comparability with all financial statements. The hypothetical small business will be a women’s only gym. This gym will be a safe haven for all women who are self conscious or just feel more comfortable exercising in a gym where there are no men around. In this women only gym, they would be more likely to give and receive open advice on their health condition and their workout plan. With women trainers, females could likely get better advice as well as have options for activities that may not be available in co-ed gyms. The overall goal of this women only gym is to allow females to exercise in a safe and non stereotypical environment to help them have healthy lives. The choice of business organization form for this gym is a partnership. The reason for this is to allow two or more people, women of course, to be involved in this business adventure and put forth their own unique skills and resources. There is no need for this company to be a corporation because it is meant to be operated in a small town and the partners of this women only gym will have enough money to start it up without stockholders. Many future business owners jump into decisions without proper deliberation and research. If you do not consider the benefits and liabilities of each business form it can be costly. There are many risks and factors in starting a business but if the owner knows the capital requirements of the business, government restrictions, and personal liability then they will most likely choose the right business form to help their business expand and be successful in the future.